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ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS), Volume 8 Issue 3, July 1990

The UAN: a user-oriented representation for direct manipulation interface designs
H. Rex Hartson, Antonio C. Siochi, D. Hix
Pages: 181-203
DOI: 10.1145/98188.98191
Many existing interface representation techniques, especially those associated with UIMS, are constructional and focused on interface implementation, and therefore do not adequately support a user-centered focus. But it is in the...

ITS: a tool for rapidly developing interactive applications
Charles Wiecha, William Bennett, Stephen Boies, John Gould, Sharon Greene
Pages: 204-236
DOI: 10.1145/98188.98194
The ITS architecture separates applications into four layers. The action layer implements back-end application functions. The dialog layer defines the content of the user interface, independent of its style. Content specifies the objects...

Unidraw: a framework for building domain-specific graphical editors
John M. Vlissides, Mark A. Linton
Pages: 237-268
DOI: 10.1145/98188.98197
Unidraw is a framework for creating graphical editors in domains such as technical and artistic drawing, music composition, and circuit design. The Unidraw architecture simplifies the construction of these editors by proving programming...

Interactive specification of flexible user interface displays
Scott E. Hudson, Shamim P. Mohamed
Pages: 269-288
DOI: 10.1145/98188.98201
One of the problems with conventional UIMSs is that very often there is no graphical way to specify interfaces. This paper describes OPUS, the user interface editor of the Penguims UIMS. This system allows the...

A new model for handling input
Brad A. Myers
Pages: 289-320
DOI: 10.1145/98188.98204
Although there has been important progress in models and packages for the output of graphics to computer screens, there has been little change in the way that input from the mouse, keyboard, and other input...