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ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS) - Special issue on user interface software and technology, Volume 10 Issue 4, Oct. 1992

Lessons learned from SUIT, the simple user interface toolkit
Randy Pausch, Matthew Conway, Robert Deline
Pages: 320-344
DOI: 10.1145/146486.146489
In recent years, the computer science community has realized the advantages of GUIs (Graphical User Interfaces). Because high-quality GUIs are difficult to build, support tools such as UIMSs, UI Toolkits, and Interface Builders have been...

A high-level and flexible framework for implementing multiuser user interfaces
Prasun Dewan, Rajiv Choudhary
Pages: 345-380
DOI: 10.1145/146486.146495
We have developed a high-level and flexible framework for supporting the construction of multiuser interfaces. The framework is based on a generalized editing interaction model, which allows users to view programs as active data that can be...

EmbeddedButtons: supporting buttons in documents
Eric A. Bier
Pages: 381-407
DOI: 10.1145/146486.146547
EmbeddedButtons is a library of routines and a runtime kernel that support the integration of buttons into document media, including text and graphics. Existing document editors can be modified to participate in this open architecture with the...

A general framework for bidirectional translation between abstract and pictorial data
Satoshi Matsuoka, Shin Takahashi, Tomihisa Kamada, Akinori Yonezawa
Pages: 408-437
DOI: 10.1145/146486.146557
The merits of direct manipulation are now widely recognized. However, direct manipulation interfaces incur high cost in their creation. To cope with this problem, we present a model of bidirectional translation between pictures and abstract...

A model for input and output of multilingual text in a windowing environment
Yutaka Kataoka, Masato Morisaki, Hiroshi Kuribayashi, Hiroyoshi Ohara
Pages: 438-451
DOI: 10.1145/146486.146558
The layered multilingual input/output(I/O) sytems we designed, based on typological studies of major-language writing conventions, unifies common features of such conventions to enable international and local utilization. The...